Traffic Accident (RTA) cases are major public health threat worldwide, and without
preventative measures are projected to increase over the next 20 years. This study assessed the burden of RTA on
the Asante Akyem segment of the Accra-Kumasi trunk road in Ghana.
Methods: Structured questionnaire was used
to extract data on RTA cases, which occurred in 2011-2015, from Juaso and Konongo
Municipal Motor Traffic Units (MTU) registry. The data collected were analysed descriptively using univariate analysis via Epi info version 7.
were 774 RTA cases which recorded 1408 injuries with 293 deaths over five-year (2011-2015)
period. The RTA cases mostly occurred on Saturdays between 12 noon and 6pm within
the months of March and August. Cargo trucks accounted for most of the RTA cases
and the commonest mechanism of the RTA cases was head-on collision. Konongo high
street and Odumasi 3 lane areas were the most accident-prone locations with the
latter accounting for the highest number of casualties. The Yawkwei and Asankare
areas, however, have gained notoriety for fatalities.
Conclusions: This study provides an insight into RTA
cases as a major public health threat in the Asante Akyem Districts. Most of the
causes of RTA seemed to be known, but a multi-sectoral approach will be required
to curb the menace. There is the need for all stakeholders including government,
the Ghana Private Road Transport Union, road construction engineers, civil society
organizations and non-governmental organizations to intensify road traffic and safety
education, and enforce road traffic regulations to curtail RTA.
traffic accident, public health, epidemiology, preventative measures.
D., Thompson, J. Y., Akanbi, M. A., Azuh, D., Samuel, V., Omoregbe, N., & Ayo,
C. (2016). The burden of road traffic crashes, injuries and deaths in Africa: a
systematic review and meta-analysis. Bulletin
of the World Health Organization, 94(7), 510–521.
F. K., Agyemang, W., & Most, I. (2008). Accident
statistics 2007. Kumasi, Ghana: Building and Road Research Institution/Council
for Scientific and Industrial Research.
Akongbota J. (2011). Reducing accidents on our roads. Retrieved
December 21, 2016, from government of Ghana official portal web site:
E. K., (2009). Accident prediction for signalized intersections in Ghana. Ministry
of transportation: Nation Accident management project, report. Final report.
J. (2007). Casualty rate by type of car: TRL
Report No. PPR 203. Crowthorne: TRL Limited.
Ghana News Agency (2010). Road accidents cost Ghana millions of
dollars. Retrieved November 11, 2016, from http://ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/NewsArchive/artikel.php?ID=182523.
P. O., Kofoworola, A. O., & Duro, C. D. (2013). Knowledge of commercial bus
drivers about road safety measures in Lagos, Nigeria. Annals of African Medicine, 12(1), 34-39.
. Injury Mortality
Surveillance System (2005). A profile of fatal
injuries in South Africa: 7th annual report of the injury mortality surveillance
system. Cape Town, South Africa: Medical Research Council/UNISA.
study of road traffic accident cases:
A study from Eastern Nepal. Regional Health Forum, WHO South-East Asia
Region, 8(1), 15–22.
. Kumar, A.
M. D., Sanjeau, L. M. D., Agawam, D. M. C. H., Kava, R. M. D., & Dora, T. D.
M. D. (2008). Fatal road accidents and their relationship with head injuries: An
epidemiological survey of five years. Indian
Journal of Neurotrauma, 5(2), 63-67.
Crime Records Bureau (2005). Accidental deaths and suicides in India 2004. New Delhi:
National Crime Records Bureau, Ministry of Home Affairs.
Road Safety Commission, Ghana (2011). 2010
annual report. Accra: Ministry of Transport and Communications.
for Economic Co-operation and Development (2017). Road traffic accidents. Paris, France: OECD.
. Safecarguide (2004). Retrieved
on January 22, 2017 from http://www. safecarguide.com/exp/intro/idx.htm.
. Sarpong, S. (2011). Road accident
on the increase. Retrieved December 21, 2016, from http://www.newsfromafrica.org/newsfromafrica/articles/art_594.html.
World Health Organization (2015). Global status report on road safety 2015.
Geneva: World Health Organization.
. World Health Organization.
(2011). World report on road traffic injury
prevention. Retrieved January 22, 2017 from