Assessing the Epidemiology of Road Traffic Accident Cases in the Ashanti Region of Ghana
Traffic Accident (RTA) cases are major public health threat worldwide, and without
preventative measures are projected to increase over the next 20 years. This study assessed the burden of RTA on
the Asante Akyem segment of the Accra-Kumasi trunk road in Ghana.
Methods: Structured questionnaire was used
to extract data on RTA cases, which occurred in 2011-2015, from Juaso and Konongo
Municipal Motor Traffic Units (MTU) registry. The data collected were analysed descriptively using univariate analysis via Epi info version 7.
were 774 RTA cases which recorded 1408 injuries with 293 deaths over five-year (2011-2015)
period. The RTA cases mostly occurred on Saturdays between 12 noon and 6pm within
the months of March and August. Cargo trucks accounted for most of the RTA cases
and the commonest mechanism of the RTA cases was head-on collision. Konongo high
street and Odumasi 3 lane areas were the most accident-prone locations with the
latter accounting for the highest number of casualties. The Yawkwei and Asankare
areas, however, have gained notoriety for fatalities.
Conclusions: This study provides an insight into RTA
cases as a major public health threat in the Asante Akyem Districts. Most of the
causes of RTA seemed to be known, but a multi-sectoral approach will be required
to curb the menace. There is the need for all stakeholders including government,
the Ghana Private Road Transport Union, road construction engineers, civil society
organizations and non-governmental organizations to intensify road traffic and safety
education, and enforce road traffic regulations to curtail RTA.
traffic accident, public health, epidemiology, preventative measures.
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