Introduction: Typhoid fever is a major public health
problem in developing countries. Typhoid fever is transmitted by
the feco-oral root through ingestion of contaminated food or water that contains
Salmonella typhi. Poor knowledge and risk perception towards typhoid fever
contributed to the prolonged transmission of diseases in the community. The aim
of this study was to assess knowledge and risk perception towards typhoid fever
among Gyadi-Gyadi communities in Kano, Nigeria. Methodology: A
community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Gyadi-Gyadi from April, 2019 to May, 2019. Data was collected using a pretested
structured questionnaire. Descriptive analysis was performed to obtain the
frequency distribution of the variables.
Results: Results: The result shows that 300 participants responded to the
questionnaire. 165 respondents (55%) were male and the remaining 135 (45%) were
female. Regarding sign and symptom most of 287 (95.7%) of the respondents have
answered headache. Concerning risk perception, majority 160 (53.7%) agree that lack of hand washing practice
contribute to typhoid
fever infection Conclusion: The study revealed that
the respondents have good knowledge towards typhoid fever. However, the risk
perception status of the respondents towards typhoid fever is poor. Recommendation: Supportive supervision
for health extension workers in order to strengthen effective health education
to the community on the causes of the diseases and possible preventives
Risk Perception; Typhoid Fever, Gyadi-Gyadi, Kano, Nigeria.
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