The recent closing
down of schools in some African countries as a result of EBOLA crisis, brought
about devastating consequences such as early pregnancies, child labour, forced
marriages, physical and sexual abuse to name a few. Designing appropriate
interventions for these problems, this study assessed the knowledge, attitudes
and preventive practice of Senior Secondary School Students on Ebola Virus
Disease (EVD) in Ilaro, Ogun State, Nigeria. The study used a multi-stage and
proportionate sampling methods. A total of 460 semi-structured
self-administered questionnaires were administered to consenting Senior
Secondary School students. The findings of the study revealed that 100 per cent
of the respondents had previously heard of EVD. Overall knowledge of EVD was
poor 114 (24.8%) and fair for 290 (63%) and good for 56 (12.2%). The
relationship between knowledge, practice and attitude score of respondents at
their various departments (Science, Art and Commercial) were not statistically
significant, setting (p = 0.005). However, the relationship between class of
respondents and their attitude towards EVD were statistically significant
setting (p = 0.005). Regular hand washing and use of sanitizers were stated as
the most useful protective measures against EVD. Based on these findings, it is
therefore essential that health education for the students on presentation and
prevention of the disease be stressed and routinely taught at schools and the
need for government to provide adequate water supply in each school.
Keywords: Attitude, Ebola
Virus, Knowledge, Prevention Practice, Students.
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