Epidemiological Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practices Regarding Pulmonary Tuberculosis among Rural Communities of Gulu Kano, Nigeria
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is a chronic
infectious disease that has long been one of the major health problems. It
affects individuals of all ages and both sexes. Poverty, malnutrition and
over-crowded living conditions have been known for decades to increase the risk
of developing the disease. According to the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH)
hospital statistics data, TB is the leading cause of morbidity, the third cause
of hospital admission (after deliveries and malaria) and the second cause of
death in Nigeria after malaria. TB is an obstacle to socio economic
development. So, this study is aimed at assessing the knowledge, attitude and
practices regarding pulmonary tuberculosis
among rural communities of Gulu, Kano, Nigeria. Methods: A community
based cross-sectional study was conducted in Gulu from January, 2019 to March, 2019. Data was collected using a pretested structured questionnaire.
Descriptive analysis was performed to obtain the frequency distribution of the
variables. Results: Among 335
participants, the study showed that the overall level of knowledge was low and
the overall attitude and practices related to PTB was highly inadequate. Conclusion:
Study respondents had basic awareness about pulmonary TB but knowledge on
cause and prevention was inadequate. Their attitude and practices towards TB
also need to be improved. Health education activities need to be intensified
for the rural population to bring about significant change in their level of
awareness on TB.
Keywords: KAP, PTB, Awareness, Gulu, Kano.
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