The purpose of the study was to analyze
the underlying factors affecting effective solid waste management in the Ghana using
the Tamale metropolis as a case. Solid waste management has become a major development
challenge in Tamale Metropolitan Assembly (TAMA) in recent times. This deserves
not only the attention of the Metropolitan Assembly and the waste management institutions
but also concerns of corporate organizations and individuals to find a lasting solution
to the problem. Therefore, with the aid of concurrent mixed method design, three
main techniques employed in gathering the primary data were: preliminary field investigation,
questionnaire survey and face-to-face interview. Findings of the study established
that factors affecting effective solid waste management in the Metropolis included
inadequate skip supply for storing waste, lack of routine collection of waste and
poor methods of waste management. The study also concluded that there were inadequate
resources for waste management institutions to effectively collect the waste generated.
In the light of these problems enumerated above, the research recommended the adequate
supply of skips, regular collection of waste, use of Integrated Solid Waste Management
Model (ISWM), proper management of the landfill and adequate resourcing of the waste
Keywords: Ghana, Environment, Waste management, Solid waste.
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