Socio-Cultural Factors Associated with Gender Based Violence in Chipata City, Zambia

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.07.04.Art025

Authors : Beatrice May Banda


Social and cultural beliefs in different communities of Zambia have continued to perpetrate Gender Based Violence and this has affected victims in many ways. The impact of GBV has led to an increase in morbidity and mortality rates globally after its physical, mental, emotional and social inflictions on the victims. This has placed a cost on the quality of life as lifestyle changes occur. Therefore, the aim of this study was to establish the socio-cultural factors that are associated with Gender Based Violence in Chipata City. This study adopted an explorative mixed method design. The study sequentially collected quantitative and qualitative data. Responses were gotten from 381 whose sample was deduced from 1,922 female victims, registered from 2014 to 2016 at the GBV One Stop Centre and Chipata City. The study discussions revealed weak community support, poor relationships, alcohol and poverty as being among the major contributing factors to GBV. Major health effects could either be physical implications like a loss of an organ after assault, unwanted pregnancies and STI infections, whose findings were attributed to spouses/partners. Sensitization, in this case, could help curb the incidences of GBV. On conclusion, the study explored the experiences female survivors in Chipata city have had following Gender Based Violence. Socio-cultural and economic factors fueled GBV and victims mention poverty, substance abuse and inactive law enforcement directly enhancing these acts of violence. The key recommendation is massive sensitization about GBV and reinforcing laws to strengthen the curbing of violence.

Keywords: Gender Based Violence, Intimate Partner Violence, Socio-Cultural Beliefs.


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