Clinical Characteristics of Acne Vulgaris and its Effect on Patient’s Quality of Life
Acne vulgaris is a common skin disease
affecting a large segment of adolescents globally. In Nigeria, as at 2015, the population
of young people aged 10-24 years accounts for more than 30% of the population and
this proportion is projected to rise further by 2050 with a profound effect. Yet,
there is paucity of data on how acne affects the quality of life (QOL) of adolescents
in our locality. This study, was conducted to determine the clinical characteristics
of acne vulgaris and its effects on the QOL of patients attending the dermatology
clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC), Ile-Ife,
Nigeria. This study used a cross-sectional
research design and collected data from two hundred and sixty consenting individuals,
in the Dermatology out- patient clinic. Patients were selected randomly using a
numerical balloting style. Findings from the study showed consumption of food such
as peanut/groundnut, stress and sugary foods/drinks were the top three risk factors
for acne vulgaries among the patients. Quality of life (QOL) assessment showed the
effect of acne was more pronounced on social life (social interference) of the patients
and avoidance of public facility. QOL in acne patients using CADI score was positively
correlated with severity of acne vulgaris using GAGS. The impact effect of severity
of acne vulgaris on QOL was strongly correlated in females compared to males.
Keywords: Acne vulgaries, risk factors, QOL.
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