Clinical Characteristics of Acne Vulgaris and its Effect on Patient’s Quality of Life

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.07.04.Art031

Authors : Stephen Aiyedun, Olaniyi Onayemi, Olayinka Olasode, Olumayoma Oninla, Michael Israel


Acne vulgaris is a common skin disease affecting a large segment of adolescents globally. In Nigeria, as at 2015, the population of young people aged 10-24 years accounts for more than 30% of the population and this proportion is projected to rise further by 2050 with a profound effect. Yet, there is paucity of data on how acne affects the quality of life (QOL) of adolescents in our locality. This study, was conducted to determine the clinical characteristics of acne vulgaris and its effects on the QOL of patients attending the dermatology clinic of Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex (OAUTHC), Ile-Ife, Nigeria. This study used a cross-sectional research design and collected data from two hundred and sixty consenting individuals, in the Dermatology out- patient clinic. Patients were selected randomly using a numerical balloting style. Findings from the study showed consumption of food such as peanut/groundnut, stress and sugary foods/drinks were the top three risk factors for acne vulgaries among the patients. Quality of life (QOL) assessment showed the effect of acne was more pronounced on social life (social interference) of the patients and avoidance of public facility. QOL in acne patients using CADI score was positively correlated with severity of acne vulgaris using GAGS. The impact effect of severity of acne vulgaris on QOL was strongly correlated in females compared to males.

Keywords: Acne vulgaries, risk factors, QOL.


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