Managing Diabetes Melitus in the Elderly People with Local Foodstuff in the Diabetic Clinic, Regional Hospital Bamenda
Background: Diabetes mellitus
is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose levels, either
due to insufficient endogenous insulin production by the pancreatic beta cells,
known as Type1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM) or due to impaired insulin secretion and/or
action, known as Type2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM). It is a growing public health problem
that poses major socio-economic challenges.
Local context: For a long time, there
has been marginalization and neglect of our African traditional foods in favor of
western diets and lifestyle. This has culminated in an increased prevalence of Diabetes
Mellitus among Cameroonians in general and North West populations in particular.
As at now no scientific research has been carried out to seek solutions to this
imminent Non-communicable Disease epidemic.
Objective: The general objective
of this study was to evaluate the nutritional status, and dietary management of
elderly diabetic patients attending the diabetic clinic in the Bamenda Regional
Purpose: The purpose was to
provide crucial baseline information that could be used in the planning and implementation
of the prevention, control and treatment strategies for T2DM in the Bamenda health
district Mezam Division.
Methodology: The study design was
a cross sectional explorative and analytic design and the sample size consisted
of all one hundred and forty (140) elderly diabetic patients receiving treatment
at Bamenda Regional Hospital (BRH).
Results: The results showed
that 71% of the participants had no family history of diabetes. Meanwhile anthropometric
assessment showed that there was no significant difference (P<0.05) in the mean
weight of the patients, even though 86% of the females were obese compared to their
male counterparts (14%). The Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) for all the participants
was above the normal range of 126mg/dl.
Keywords: Diabetes, Nutrition,
Food, Blood Glucose, and Anthropometry.
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