Health Beliefs Related to Hypertension Prevention among Elderly Male Members of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Nigeria
Health beliefs have long been associated with a lower risk of various diseases,
better compliance with medication and less likelihood of relapsing, and Hypertension
is a major global public health problem due to its high prevalence with vascular
disease, premature death, stroke, renal diseases, and retinopathy. This study aimed to study the health beliefs of elderly
male members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community in Nigeria as they relate to hypertension lifestyle
and prevention behaviors. A total of 372 questionnaires were distributed to collect the information using
stratified random sampling technique. A total of 357 questionnaires were retrieved
and analyzed using descriptive statistical methods. The study revealed that the majority of elderly male members
(72.3%) did not know their family member(s) with hypertension. The level of awareness
of hypertension among the respondents was very low (84.3%) while a larger percentage
(52.7%) used light exercise as preventive practice. Only 99 (27.7%) had close relations
living with hypertension. The respondents were also associated with other complicated
issues related to hypertension. A larger number of respondents were unaware of hypertension
severity and associated risk factors. The higher degree was more aware of the benefits
of hypertension preventative lifestyle behaviors. Based on these findings, enlightenment
campaigns and/or health education on hypertension and mode of its prevention should
be put in place, governmental and non-governmental organisations, as well as religious
leaders, should take hypertension medication compliances seriously.
Keywords: Ahmadiyya Muslim, Elders,
health beliefs, hypertension, Nigeria.
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