This review critically reviews the article
‘Knowledge of diabetes management and control among diabetic patients attending
Federal polytechnic clinic, Kaura – Namoda, North west, Nigeria in the journal South
American Journal of Public Health.
Diabetes mellitus or simply diabetes may
be defined as the deficiency or diminished effectiveness of insulin. Patients
with excessive blood glucose (hyperglucosuria) will actually experience what is
called polyuria (frequent urination), thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry
Diabetes mellitus is of three types as
TYPE1: KNOWN AS INSULIN – dependent diabetes. The
type 1 diabetes appeared before the age of forty years. It has been noted that
approximately 10% of all the diabetes cases are type 1.
TYPE 2: INSULIN RESISTANCE
This type of diabetes is due to inadequate
release of insulin by the body for the proper function or as a result of an
inability of the body to react to insulin. 90 percent of all diabetes cases are
type 2. The symptoms of the diabetes may be controlled by loss of weight,
intake of healthy diet, physical activity and monitoring blood glucose levels.
On the other hand, overweight, physical inactivity and intake of unhealthy
foods contribute positively to the risk of type 2 development. The older the
person the greater the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
3. GESTATIONAL DIABETES
The gestational diabetes is mainly
affecting women during pregnancy. Its diagnosis is made during pregnancy. This
type of diabetes may be under control through exercise and diet.
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