This study aims to compare
Covid-19 knowledge, perception, and Intention to adhere to preventive measures among
urban and rural dwellers in Benue State, Nigeria. A multi-stage comparative cross-sectional study was conducted among consenting
adults 18yrs and above or emancipated minors aged 15yrs to 17yrs between January and April 2021 among urban and
rural dwellers in Benue State. The response was scored, and each composite
score were converted to a percentage. A score of ≥80% were categorized as positive
perception, 51% to 79% were categorized as moderate perception, while scores ≤ 50%
were categorized as negative perception. Urban and rural comparisons were done with
Chi square test, and the corresponding p-values presented at 5% Cl. One thousand four hundred and thirty-one (1,431) respondents were recruited
into the study with mean age 33.7years± SD 12.83. Forty-six (46%) percent of urban respondents believed
positive Covid-19 patients would show no symptoms compared to 41% of rural respondents.
One-third, 31% of urban respondents have a positive perception of Covid-19 existence
compared to 21% in the rural areas (t=1.06; P< 0.469). Seventy-one percent of
urban respondents have a positive perception of the seriousness of Covid-19 compared
to 73% of rural respondents (t=0.99; p<0.95). 84% of respondents in the urban
and 81% in the rural area have a positive perception on the Intention to carry out
preventive measures against Covid-19 (t=0.87; p<0.09). knowledge
differs among both communities; however there was a higher proportion of Perception
with no significant difference observed among both communities.
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