An incisional hernia
may occur in women following laparotomy. Obesity has become an increasing non-communicable
public health problem in middle and low-income countries. Also, the caesarean section
has been on the increase even among obese women. The study aimed to evaluate the
outcome of care and determine the association between caesarean section and obesity
in the development of incisional hernias among women who underwent laparotomy for
various indications in Enugu, Nigeria. A retrospective
study of women who underwent incisional hernia repair between January 2010 and December
2020 at the 2 tertiary hospitals in Enugu, Nigeria, was carried out. The following
parameters were assessed; age, predisposing factors, presence and absence of obesity
and the class of obesity, comorbidity, presenting symptoms, duration of symptoms
before presentation, the interval between presentation and intervention, intra-operative
finding, the definitive operative procedure performed, complications of treatment,
and outcome of treatment. A total of 46 patients were evaluated. Their mean age
was 44 years. Caesarean section and obesity
were the most frequently performed laparotomy (31/46, 67.5%) and most common comorbidity
(41/46, 89.2%) respectively among the participants. The majority of the patients
(44/46, 95.7%) had mesh repair of the incisional hernia, and most had no post-operative
complications. There was no significant relationship between incisional hernia and
obesity, p = 0.446. There was no mortality. In
section, a frequently performed laparotomy, and obesity as comorbidity were frequently
associated with the occurrence of incisional hernia among the participants. The
use of appropriate mesh and techniques were associated with good results and reduced
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