Assessment of Disposal Practices among Health Workers in Selected Hospitals in Abuja

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.10.02.Art009

Authors : Edith C Okechukwu, Jeffrey S Soni, Azuka C Oparah, Sunday O Aguora


Safe disposal procedures of biomedical wastes cannot be overstressed in achieving efficient waste management and mitigating environmental hazards and risk of exposure to humans. The investigation was conducted to assess the disposal procedures of biomedical waste in selected hospitals in Abuja. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and on-the-spot observation. Six hospitals that provided health care services in Abuja were surveyed. Descriptive, inferential statistics and reliability tests were used to analyze the data. Chi-square (χ2) test was used to determine the association between standard handling practices of biomedical waste and biomedical waste management with (p<0.05). The result showed that the respondents agreed to these methods of disposal in this order where the burning pit was the predominant method of disposal, followed by incineration, dumping site, landfill, and burial. The disposal plans were inefficient as black bags of wastes littered the temporary dumpsite at the hospital premises and the use of unprotected dysfunctional incineration. The Cronbach’s alpha α = 0.830, loading factor (0.735-0.939) which indicates that the measuring tool was reliable and the items on the questionnaire showed interrelatedness and consistency. A coordinated system for tracking and monitoring treatment and disposal procedures of biomedical wastes is critical in the combat against epidemics and environmental pollution. Improved, safe and environmentally friendly disposal procedures should be employed. The health workers who are the waste generators are obliged to monitor, conduct risk assessments, and formulate policies for the safe disposal of biomedical wastes.

Keywords: Biomedical waste, Disposal Procedures, Efficient, Environmental pollution, Hazards, risk exposures.


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