Abor, P.A.Medical
waste management practices in a southern African hospital, J. Appl. Sci. Environ.
Manag. 11 (3) (2007) 91–96.
 Oli, A.N.
Ekejindu, C.C. Adje, D.U., Ezeobi, I., Ejiofor, O.S. Ibeh, C.C. Ubajaka, C.F. (2016)
Healthcare waste management in selected government and private hospitals in Southeast
Nigeria, Asian Pacific Tropical Biomedicine
6 (1) (2016) 84–89.
 WHO (2014).
Safe management of wastes from healthcare activities. Available at: www.who.org.
 WHO (2005)
Management of Solid Health-Care Waste at Primary Health-Care Centres: A Decision-Making
Guide, WHO, Geneva.
 LAWMA. Medical
Waste Management. Lagos Waste Management Authority. 2013. Available at: http://www.lawma.gov.ng/overview.
 Coker AO.
Sangodoyin A. Sridhar M., Booth M.C. and Olomolaiye, P and Hammond F,Medical waste
management in Ibadan, Nigeria: Obstacles and Prospects. Waste Management. 2009;29(2):804–811.
 Abor, P.A.,
Managing healthcare waste in Ghana: a comparative study of public and private hospitals.
Int J Health Care Qual Assur, 2013. 26(4): p. 375-86.
 World Health Organization, Geneva.
(1992). Managing medical wastes in developing countries: report of a Consultation
on Medical Wastes Management in Developing Countries, Geneva, Available at: http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/1994/ WHO_PEP_RUD_94.1.pdf.
E. O. Mangden, Y.E. Sati, Y.C. and Adisa, J. O. (2015) “Knowledge, attitudes/beliefs
and practices in the medical waste management-an appraisal of Jos North LGA, Plateau
State, Nigeria,” International Journal of Resaerch in Humanities and Social Studies 2 (12) pp. 43–56.
 Dieng, C,
Mberu, B., Dimbuene, Z., Faye, C., Amugsi, D., Aboderin, I. (2016) Centre Biomedical
waste management in Dakar- Legal framework, health, and environmental issues. African
Population and Health Research. Urban Africa and Risk Knowledge Working Paper No
15 pp 1-35.
 WHO (2020)
Water, sanitation, hygiene, and waste management for SARSCoV- 2, the virus that
causes COVID-19: Interim guidance. The World Health Organization. Available
at: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/WHO-2019-nCoV-IPC-WASH-2020.4 (accessed
12 January 2021).
M. S, Santhanam A, Norulaini NAN, (2011) Clinical solid waste management practices
and its impact on human health and environment A review. Waste Management 31:
B.E., Benka-Coker, M.O., Aluyi, H.S. (2006) Characterization and management of solid
HCW in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja Nigeria. African Health Sciences. 6(1):59–63.
 WHO (2002)
National Health-Care Waste Management Plan Guidance Manual. WHO fact sheet.
 Ali, M.,
Wang,W, Chaudhry, N. (2017) Hospital waste management in developing countries: A
mini review. Waste Management & Research 35: 581–592.
D, Baldwin A, Li B, et al. (2017) Healthcare waste management in Botswana: Storage,
collection, treatment, and disposal system. Journal ofMaterial Cycles and Waste
Management 19: 351–365.
M.A., O’Hare, W. T. and Saker, M.H. (2011) Assessment of occupational and environmental
safety associated with medical waste disposal in developing countries. A quantitative
approach. Safari Science 49 (8-9) pp1200-1207.
 Tudor TL,
Barr SW, and Gilg AW (2009) Linking intended behaviour andactions: A case study
of healthcare waste management in the Cornwall NHS. Resources, Conservation and
Recycling 51: 1–23.
Organization. (2012) Wastes from healthcare activities. Fact sheet no 231. April
2012. study. Bio Medical Central Public Health
19 (203) pp1 -10.
 Diaz LF,
Savage GM, and Eggerth LL (2005) Alternatives for the treatment and disposal of
healthcare wastes in developing countries. Waste Management 25: 626–637.
Hiremath, R. N.,
Basandra, S., Kunte, R., Ghodke, S., Edwards, T. S., Yadav, J. Yadav, A. K., Patil,
S. (2017). Assessment of biomedical waste management of a multispeciality hospital
in the light of new BMW rules 2016: what has changed from the past? International Journal of Community Medicine and
Public Health 4 (9) pp 3224-3229.
 United Nations
Fund for Population Activities (2015) UNFPA in FCT, Abuja. WHO (2011) Health-care waste management: Health-care
waste needs sound management, including alternatives to incineration.
 Glenn, I.
D. (1992) Sampling the Evidence of Extension
Program Impact. Program Evaluation
and Organizational Development, IFAS, University of Florida. PEOD-5. October
Z, Taleb F, Abdelmalek F, et al. (2009) Healthcare waste management in Algeria and
Mostaganem department. Waste Management 29:1383–1387.
E., Al Bazedi, G. Sorour M.H. (2013) Management of hazardous medical waste treatment
in Egypt. World Applied Sciences Journal 28: 804–808.
 Abah, O.S.,
Ohimain,G.G. (2011) Healthcare waste management in Nigeria, Journal of Public Health
and Epidemiology. 3(3): 99-110.
 Chima, G.N.,
Abanobi O. C., Abaraogu, U.J. Uwalaka C, H. Asonye, I.C., Nwakpa, P. (2015) Hospital
Waste generation and Management Practices in Owerri, Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and
Technology 8(11) pp 623-632.
 Longe, E.G.,
Williams, A. (2006). A preliminary study of medical waste management in Lagos Metropolis,
Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Health Sciences.
3(2) pp 133-139.
S.A., Usman, N., Kehinde Kazeem Kanmodi, K. K. and Ashiru, M. M. (2021) Medical
waste management at the primary healthcare centres in a northwestern Nigerian State:
Findings from a low-resource setting. Public
Health in Practice 2 (2021).
I.A. and Sato C (2009) Solid health care waste management status at health care
centers in the West Bank – Palestinian territory. Waste Management 29: 2398–2403.
 Nwachukwu, N. C., Orji F. A and
Ugbogu, O. C. (2013) Health Care Waste
Management Public Health
Benefits, and the Need for Effective Environmental Regulatory Surveillance in Federal Republic of Nigeria. Current Topics in Public Health pp 149- 178.
 Udofia E.
A., Fobil, J. N. and Gulis, G. (2015). Solid medical waste management in Africa.
African Journal of Environmental Science and
Technology 9(3) pp 244-254.
F, Maringa S and Chimuka L (2008) Hospital solid waste management practices in Limpopo
Province, South Africa: A case study of two hospitals. Waste management 28:
E.E., Babatunde, I. O. and Ndu A. C. (2017) Investigating Knowledge, Attitude and
Health Care Waste Management by Health Workers in a Nigerian Tertiary Health Institution.
Global Journal of Health Science 9 (4)
Denloye, A.A., Ojuromi,
O.T., Ochei, K. and Ade-Serrano, E.A. (2018) Bio safety Knowledge, Waste Disposal
Practices and Identification of Parasites in Biomedical Wastes from Healthcare Establishments
in Lagos and Abuja, Nigeria. Biomedical journal
of scientific and Technical Research 5(4) pp 4759-64.
Okechukwu, E. C., Oparah, A. C. and Aguora,
S. O. (2020). Assessment of Practices and Awareness of Safety Measures of Biomedical
Waste Management among Health Workers in Metropolitan Hospitals in Abuja, Nigeria.
Texila International Journal of Academic Research,
7 (2): 103-111.
 World Health Organization (WHO). (1999). Safe managment
of waste from health-care activities. World Health Organization, Geneva http://who.int/water_sanitation_health/Environmental_sanit/MHCWHanbook.htm
Accessed 27 July 2009.
Chisolm, J. M., Zamani,
R, Negm, A. M. Noha, S., Mahmoud M Abdel daiem, Dibaj, M, and Mohammad Akrami (2021)
Sustainable waste management of medical waste in African developing countries: A
narrative review. Waste Management & Research vol. 39(9)
E.V., Fortonb, T.O., Moforc, A.L., Woodardd, R. (2011). Health care waste management
in Cameroon: a case study from the Southwestern region. Journal of Res Cons Recycling https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2011.10.002.
 Abd El-Salam
MM (2010) Hospital waste management in El-Beheira Governorate, Egypt. Journal
of Environmental Management 91: 618–629.
 Nkhuwa D.CW., Kafula T. Ahmed A. H., (2008) Preliminary Inventory of Hazardous Medical Waste Disposal Systems and their influence on Groundwater Quality in Lusaka Medical Journal Zambia 35 (4) pp123-138.
 Deress, T. Hassen, F. Adane, K. and Tsegaye, A. (2017). Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude,
and Practice about Biomedical Waste Management and Associated Factors among the
Healthcare Professionals at Debre Markos Town Healthcare Facilities, Northwest Ethiopia. Journal of Environmental and Public Health pp1-10.
V, Thevarajah R and Weeraratne C (2018) Medication waste disposal practices among
patients attending selected outpatient departments in a tertiary care institution:
A cross-sectional survey. International Journal of Basic & Clinical Pharmacology
O, Adewoye AA and Oparah AC (2016) Assessment of medical waste management in seven
hospitals in Lagos, Nigeria. BMC Public Health 16: 1–11.
 Pruss A,
Girout E, Rushbrook P. (1999) Safer management of waste from healthcare activities.