An Investigation into the Knowledge and Practices of Women towards Menopause in Choma District
Menopause is a biological event characterized
by a complexity of factors. On average one, third of the women’s life consists of
the post-menopause years, and health care programs for women do not address concerns
beyond reproductive ages. The purpose of this study was to investigate into the
knowledge and practices of women towards menopause in choma district. A descriptive
cross-sectional research design was used to collect data from a sample of 50 women from two clinics. The
researcher used a questionnaire that included both structured and open-ended questions.
The findings indicated that 14(28%)
of the respondents had adequate knowledge, while 36(72%) had inadequate knowledge
towards menopause. 24(48%) of the respondents had good practices
with adequate knowledge on menopause which was statistically
significant (P<0.000). In this study, 37(74%) of the respondents who had bad
practices had bad health-seeking behaviour. A high proportion of women are
affected by menopause related symptoms. Care seeking for all symptoms is not uniform,
indicative of a lack of knowledge about the treatable nature of many of these symptoms.
There is a need to continue giving health education to women 45 years and above
on the signs and symptoms, treatment needed, and where and when to seek health services
so as to impart knowledge on menopause.
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