Factors Associated with the Development of Pulmonary Tuberculosis among Inmates in Four (4) Correctional Facilities of Copperbelt Province -Zambia

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.10.02.Art027

Authors : Godbless Banda


Correctional facilities have often been cited as reservoirs for Tuberculosis (TB), presenting a potential threat to the general population. Although correctional facilities are recognized as ideal settings for interventions, little is known about the TB epidemiology within them. The purpose of my study was to determine factors associated with the development of pulmonary tuberculosis among inmates in the selected correctional facilities of Copperbelt province of Zambian. The design of the study was a descriptive cross-sectional study that aimed at determining factors associated with the development of PTB among inmates, a case study of Ndola Remand, Chingola, Luanshya, and Mufulira Correctional Facilities. A semi-structured self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain data regarding factors associated with the development of PTB amongst inmates. From the total of 384 study participants, 143 had records of having PTB during the research period, and 241 had no records of having TB disease. With evidence obtained from this study has identified the areas that need attention in terms of control and prevention of TB in the four (4) correctional facilities. Furthermore, the factors associated with TB positivity in the present study included HIV status, sharing of cells with TB patients, and cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption.

Keywords: Correctional Facility; Inmates; Tuberculosis, TB risk factors.


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