The relationship which
exists between social capital and socio-economic status of dwellers in rural
Nigeria has been poorly researched. This study aims to determine the level of
social capital and social support available to rural community dwellers in
relation to their health needs and to explore the relationship which exists
between social capital and socio-economic status of respondents.
Stratified random sampling
technique was used to select 1280 respondents from 4 rural communities in
South-West Nigeria (Ejigbo LGA). Data was obtained using an interviewer
administered questionnaire in local dialect (Yoruba). Socio-economic status was
determined using the Kuppuswamy’s method of Social Classification. Chi square
was used to test associations between social capital and socio-economic status
and level of significant association set at p<0.05.
Male and female respondents
were 51.0% and 49.0% respectively within the age range of 15 and 90 years.
Majority of the rural dwellers in Ejigbo community belong to the lower socioeconomic
This study clearly revealed
that rural dwellers have strong social support as well as large social capital
to fall back on in times of crisis. Majority of the rural dwellers had family
members, close relatives, friends, religious leaders and social group to fall
back to when faced with health challenges/problems.
Though rural dwellers in
Ejigbo community (South-West Nigeria) may have a strong social support and
large social capital, it is not a reflection of socio-economic status of the
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