Impact of Covid-19 on Lifestyle Related Behaviour-A Cross-Sectional Study on Population Residing at Urban Field Practice Area, Mysore, Karnataka
The Coronavirus disease has spread widely and
infected several people. Given the severity of the illness, a nationwide
lockdown was imposed to stop the spread of Covid-19. All these constraints may have had an impact
on eating habits, sleep status, physical activity, and stress, resulting in a
worsening lifestyle among the people. The study aims to assess the impact of Covid-19 on lifestyle-related behaviour and the
factors influencing changes in lifestyle behaviour among the population. A cross-sectional survey of
the 380 participants using simple random sampling was conducted in the urban
field practice area, Mysuru, Karnataka, using a validated questionnaire. The
data were entered into MS Excel, followed by analysis using SPSS version 26.
The results for the Covid-19 before and after lifestyle scores were analyzed,
and values were subtracted to provide the mean difference scores for each item.
Using the paired t-test or Wilcoxon test, the differences in continuous
variables between the two groups were evaluated. The criterion for statistical
significance was fixed at p < 0.05. In this study, general eating
behaviour (44.7% vs. 65.7% significantly improved, physical
activity (32.3% vs. 3.4%) declined, stress (29.2% vs. 47.8%) and screen time (27.8% vs. 60.2%) increased. Behaviours
such as smoking (7.3% vs. 3.1%) and alcohol consumption (37.6% vs. 16.3%) decreased, whereas approximately half of the study
participants gained weight (43.6 %). This
study will serve as a solid basis for creating recommendations for suitable
lifestyle modifications at this time.
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