Managing Municipal Solid Waste Issues; Sources, Composition, Disposal, Recycling, and Volarization, Chililabombwe District, Zambia
Solid waste continues to pose important
challenges to our environment on a daily basis. Insufficient solid waste management
systems and equipment have contributed to the alteration to the ecosystems, including
water, air, and soil pollution that infringes on the health of the general public
that is associated with health ailments like cholera and other food and water borne
diseases. Chililabombwe district’s face has continued to be dented with the unkempt
environment with littered solid waste that has become a stinging and widespread
challenge, especially in the urban areas of the district. Solid waste (SW) collection
and working disposal systems are the major problems of the urban environment in
most developing countries worldwide. MSW management solutions are financially dependable
for the technical viable, socially inclement, and legally accepted. Solid waste
management remained the biggest challenge that all the local authorities in Zambia
and many developing countries in Africa. Commercialization or valorization of organic
food waste was one of the important research areas that could combat the increased
solid waste in the environmental causing environmental degradation. The objective
of this study was to address matters that would respond positively to the waste
management crisis in the district. As waste continues to be accumulated, with its
high generation, more technologies are sought in the area of treatment and exploitation
of organic and municipal waste through composting and anaerobic digestion in the
management of waste. The lack of technologies and machinery has equally downplayed
the essence of waste management in the Chililabombwe district.
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