Knowledge, Attitude and Practice toward Nutrition among Communities in Southern Senatorial Zone of Borno State
Nutrition is a key element
of health promotion, prevention, and management of diseases. The study was aimed
at assessing the nutritional knowledge, attitude, and practice of communities and
to determine factors influencing the nutritional knowledge, attitudes, and practices
of these communities. A cross-sectional study was conducted
among 10 communities. Multistage sampling was used to select the sample size of
1000 individuals. The study utilized both primary and secondary data through journals and administration
of a self-developed structured interviewer
questionnaire and focus group discussions. The data was analyzed using statistical
package for social science (SPSS v20). Results were presented using descriptive statistics and Chi-square. The findings of
the study revealed that communities have little or no knowledge about nutrition
despite the availability of different sources of nutritional information, majority
of communities have a negative attitude towards the importance of nutrition because
of their Cultural beliefs. Moreso, majority communities do not prepare balanced
family meals. The result from chi-square analysis shows that age and source of nutritional
knowledge are the main factors influencing nutritional knowledge and education level,
marital status, and sources of family income are the main factors influencing nutritional
practices among communities. Base on the findings of the study it was recommended
among others that there is need to increased public awareness and enlightenment to improve the
attitude and practice of communities, community
leaders and health workers to promote good dietary habits and consumption of good
indigenous food to motivate practice among communities.
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