Community Health Posts Impact on Adult Male Access to HIV Services in Lusaka, Zambia

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.10.04.Art014

Authors : Mwayabo Jean Claude Kazadi, Etienne Odimba Bwana Fwamba Koshe, Ruth McDermott-Levy


Achieving HIV epidemic control is an ultimate goal for Zambia. To achieve this goal there is need to close services access gaps. Adult men are less likely to utilize existing health facility-based HIV services and they account for a significant proportion of new HIV infections with risk to onward HIV transmission in the community. Almost two-thirds of males (65.1%) and 79.2% of females aged 15-59 years reported ever having been tested for HIV and having received their results. Over two-thirds (67.1%) of HIV-positive males 25-29 years of age reported being unaware of their HIV status. Twenty-five percent of the national pandemic is in Lusaka. This non-experimental, descriptive mixed-methods study shows increase in number of adult males accessing services at community health posts and the impact of community health posts on improving adult male access to HIV services, including improved retention to HIV services and viral load suppression. The attitude or customer care of health care workers and the location of the community health posts played a bigger role in improving adult male access to HIV services, by creating a better, trusted environment and by bringing the services closer to where these males work or live. The community health post improved also the inequality in accessing HIV services for adult males, as this is one of the key factors to achieving the end of HIV pandemic.

Keywords:  Community Health Post, Control, Epidemic, HIV, Impact, and Inequality, Male Adult.


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