Active TB Case Finding through HIV Testing and Counseling Centers in Zimbabwe

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Authors : Stephano Gudukeya


Zimbabwe is ranked 17th among the 22 high burden TB countries (HBC) in the world and has the second highest TB mortality rate in the world. Tuberculosis is one of the top 10 causes of infant and maternal mortality, and top five causes of death in children 1 – 4 years old (Zimbabwe National Health Profile, 2008). In 2008 pulmonary tuberculosis was the leading cause of death in the age group 5 years and above and the second most common cause of death in hospitals in all ages, after acute respiratory infection (National Health Profile). The crude death rate is 20 per 1000 and is mainly attributed to the high co-morbidity with HIV.