Global Health and Health Programs, Implication in Practice - A Review
Health is gaining greater attention on the global
scenario. There has been an overall change that has seen a shift from global
nation-based health-policy-making structures towards more diversity and greater
emphasis on private sector actors. The not for profit civil society and
non-governmental organization are now seen as a vital heath partner especially
for health campaigns.
Funding for global health is also changing as pressure
mounts against vertical disease focused funding in favor of horizontal funding
aimed at strengthening health systems. Players in the global health scene are
also changing to include public private partnerships as well as a greater
appreciation and inclusion of civil society.
For global health to be effective worldwide and
especially in Africa, the focus must be towards a broader system of funding
that is not disease specific but also has an emphasis on strengthening the
health system. Building and maintaining capacity for healthcare provision is
also critical for effective action against health threats. Focus must also be
on enabling partnerships while taking care that the broader public sector
agenda is not overridden by vested interests especially in public- private
health must also widen its focus from communicable disease to address threats
posed by widespread increase in risk factors for non- communicable disease and
broader social and economic factors that impact health in this era of rapid
globalization. The trend must be towards using an evidence base to employ
strategies that will in the long run provide cost effective interventions while
ensuring appropriate and sustainable technologies are utilized to address
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