Prevalence of Vibrio Cholerae in Northern Nigeria

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.04.02.Art051

Authors : Abdullateef A. Jimoh, Opajobi S. O.


One hundred and fifty six (156) stool samples were analyzed using selective cultural methods for the isolation of Vibrio species. They were from epidemic areas namely; Jos (Plateau State), Argungu (Kebbi State), Kwali and Gwagwa (Abuja) and Suleja (Niger State) all in Northern Nigeria. 123 (78.8%) were males and 33 (21.1%) females.

Eight of these samples were positive for Vibrio cholera with the distribution as follows; Jos – 2, Argungu – 5 and Kwali – 1.

Serotyping showed that all were of the Ogawa serotype.

Antibiotic sensitivity pattern showed that all eight (100%) samples were sensitive to Ceftazidime, Cefuroxime Axetil, Gentamycin, Sparfloxacin and Tetracycline, 5 (62.5%) sensitive to Erythromycin and 4 (50%) sensitive to Chloramphenicol. The antibiotics that all the isolates were resistant to were Ampicillin, Cloxacillin, Streptomycin and Penicillin.

The study showed that Vibrio cholerae is one of the causes of gastroenteritis epidemics in Northern Nigeria.


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