Prevalence and Correlates of Depression, Anxiety and Academic Stress among Science Students in Oduduwa University, Ile- Ife, Nigeria
Background: There is an increasing concern on the
mental health of university students worldwide. The objectives of this study are
to assess the prevalence and correlates of depression, anxiety and stress among
science students of Oduduwa University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria.
Methods: A descriptive cross
sectional study design was employed on 367 sampled undergraduate science students
of Oduduwa University aged 16-30using sample of convenience. The data was collected
usingself-administered questionnaires and data analysis was done using SPSS version
22. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05.
Results: The prevalence of depression, anxiety
and stress among these science students were 62.6%, 67.8% and 17.8% respectively.
Academic performance was found to be significantly associated with depression. Family
economic situation was found to be significantly associated with stress. Marginal
significant association was found between ethnicity and depression and between parent
marital status and stress. No other
factors have been found to be significantly associated.
Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of depression,
anxiety and stress symptoms among the university students. This stands as a great
concern in public health. Therefore, there is need for concerted efforts, preventive
measures and sufficient supportive services to be put in place for this group.
Keywords: DASS 21, depression,
anxiety, stress, university students, Nigeria.
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