The objective of this study is to determine the
sexual patterns among their school and out of school adolescents in Kavango
region, Namibia and identify the association between the socio-demographic
characteristics of the adolescents and their sexual behaviors.
A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted
using mixed methods - quantitative and qualitative approaches among 350 school
learners (grade 6 to grade 12) and 150 school dropout adolescents (aged 12 to
18 years). The stratified random sampling techniques were used in the
selections of the circuit and the schools. Structured questionnaires were used
in face-to-face interviews, and in depth interviews were conducted among the
key informants (teachers). The following variables include the demographics
(age, grade, parent marital status, and school drop-out status), sexual behavior
(age at first sexual intercourse, number of sexual partners, abortion, and age
at abortion), economic (employment, financial support).
statistics was used to summarise
the above-mentioned variables. Cross-tabulations of demographic, sexual and
economic variables were used to describe the relative frequencies.
between different categorical variables were assessed using Chi-square test
whilst the identification of different determining factors was analyzed with
the epidemiological methods using odds ratios and/or estimated relative risks.
The means, standard deviation and 95 % confidence interval were computed. The
differences between different variables or factors were considered to be
statistically significant for p-values less than 0.05.
The study found that early sexual debut, first sexual intercourse,
of sexual partners, relationship with sexual partners older than 5 years and
dropping out of schoolwere associated
with adolescent pregnancy in Kavango region.
Adolescence, Adolescents, Reproductive health, Sexual behaviors, Sex
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