The objective is this study is to determine the potential risk characteristics among
the in-school and out of school adolescents in Kavango region, Namibia.
A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted using
mixed methods - quantitative and qualitative approaches among 350 school learners
(grade 6 to grade 12) and 150 school drop-out adolescents (aged 12 to 19 years).
The stratified random sampling techniques were used in the selections of the circuit
and the schools. Structured questionnaires were used in face-to-face interviews,
and in depth interviews were conducted among the key informants (teachers).
The following variables
include the potential risk characteristics
alcohol used, drug used, marijuana used,
more than one sexual partner in past 12 months, partner older than 5 years, orphan, abortion, sex regularly, mothers
education, contraceptive used, current pregnancy and outcome of birth.
was used to summarise the above mentioned variables. Cross-tabulations of demographic,
sexual and economic variables were used to describe the relative frequencies.
between different categorical variables were assessed using Chi-square test whilst
the identification of different determining factors was analyzed with the epidemiological
methods using odds ratios and/or estimated relative risks. The means, standard deviation
and 95 % confidence interval were computed. The differences between different variables
or factors were considered to be statistically significant for p-values less than
Keywords: Adolescence, Adolescents Contraceptives, First intercourse, Sexual health, Sexual partner.
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