Factors Influencing the Purchase of Counterfeit Drugs among Consumers in Rural Community of Cross River State, Nigeria
Background: The purchase of counterfeit drugs by consumers
is a serious public health problem and there are no sufficient researches
dedicated to understanding the problem of drug counterfeiting from the
Aim: The aim of this study to assess
factors influencing the purchase of counterfeit drugs among consumers in rural
community using the concept of planned behavior (TPB) as a guide.
Methodology: This study is a cross-sectional
descriptive research, using pretested questionnaire for data collection to
ensure validity and reliability of instrument. A sample size of 236 was used
for this study. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.0.
Results: The respondents mean age is 30.51years
(SD=11.46). Findings from this study showed that 139(58.9%) of the respondents were
males while 97(41.1%) were females. Majority of the respondents 56(23.7%) reported the cost of the drug as frequently used means of
identification of counterfeit drugs in the community. Respondents perceived
associated risk of counterfeit drugs includes: unexpected side effects 33(14%),
allergic reactions 38(16.1%), worsening of their medical condition 48(20.3%), death
46(19.5%) and overdose 19(8.1%). Findings from this study also showed a
correlation between behavioural intention and attitude (R= 0.64). Subjective
norms were associated with behavioural intention (R=0.65) but was not
significant at 0.005. There was also an observed significant relationship
between behavioural intentions and motivation (R = 0.52).
Conclusion: Drug consumers mainly use cost of
drugs as a means of identification of counterfeit drugs. Consumers behavior,
intention and attitude towards counterfeit drugs are correlated.
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