Self-medication can potentially
do well and also harm people. It is a common practice and internationally has been
reported as being on the rise. Studies have observed self-medication as a common
practice among group of health workers that included dental, midwifery and nursing
students. Hence, this study assessed the knowledge and practice of self-medication
among students of school of nursing in selected schools in Osun State. It was a
descriptive cross-sectional survey. Samples of two hundred nursing students were
included in the study using purposive sampling.
The result in this study
showed that majority (91%) of the nursing students had high level of knowledge and
about two third (64.5%) indulge in high practice of self medication respectively.
More than half of them signified that presence of minor ailments and having enough
knowledge about drugs were the factors that always make them to self-medicate, while
more than forty percent indicated that financial constraint, previous experience,
time saving, advertisement and unavailability of health care services as factors
that sometimes influence self-medication. Significant relationship existed between
knowledge and practice of self medication (t = -3.116, df = 198, P < 0.05).
students demonstrated high level of knowledge about medication and its effects.
Majority indulge in self-medication practices. Those with high level of knowledge
practice of self medication less. It would be safer if those who self-medicate have
sufficient knowledge to prevent serious effects. It is recommended that policies
be formulated to control the purchase and use drugs.
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