health measures are strictly required to prevent increase in the spread of
Ebola virus disease and that includes identifying cases and quarantining
persons who are suspected to have come in contact with the disease or its
agent. Though quarantine restricts freedom of movement of those affected, the
reasons may be justified based on the fact that health of the public needs to
be protected. But though the personal rights and liberties of individuals may
be expected to be lost in international outbreaks, it should not be totally
taken away. There ought to be a balance between preserving individual rights
and maintaining public health. Thus a legal and political framework is needed
while research for therapy and vaccine are encouraged.
virus disease, ethical challenges, international outbreaks.
 Abha S. Ebola Virus Disease
Outbreak- Incorporating Ethical Analysis into the Health System Response. Indian
Journal of Medical Ethics 2014, Vol 11; 4.
 Center for Disease Control and Prevention:
Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease): 2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa. Atlanta, Georgia;
 Ebola Virus Disease- Legal and Ethical
considerations for Indiana. Improving Community Health through Policy Research,
Center for Health Policy 2014.
 Global Forum on Bioethics in Research (GFBR).
Meeting report: Emerging epidemic infections and experimental medical treatments.
Annecy, France. 3-4 November 2015. Available from: http://www.gfbr.global/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/GFBR-2015-meeting-report-emergingepidemic-infections-and-experimental-medical-treatments.pdf (Accessed October 22 2016).
 Ibrahim W. Ethical concerns regarding Ebola
control measures in Uganda, Makerere University School of Public Health 2013.
 Kevin G. Ebola, Epidemics and Ethics- what
we have learned. Donovan philosophy, Ethics and Humanities in Medicine 2014, 9:15.
 Nduka UC, Igwe-Omoke A, Ogugua C. The use
of social media in combating the Ebola virus in Nigeria- a review. International
Journal of Medicine and Health Development.2014 19 (1/2): 97-108
 Osterholm MT, Moore KA, Gostin LO. Public Health in the Age of Ebola in West Africa.
JAMA Intern Med. 2015; 175(1):7-8.
 Pan American Health Organization. Zika Ethics Consultation: Ethics Guidance on Key Issues Raised by the Outbreak. Washington, DC: PAHO, 2016. Document Number: PAHO/KBR/16-002. Available at
http://iris.paho.org/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/28425/PAHOKBR16002_eng.pdf (Accessed October 22 2016).
 WHO (2010). Research Ethics in International Epidemic Response, Geneva 2009.