virus (HIV) is the virus that causes AIDS. It attacks the body’s immune system
by weakening the human body’s defence against disease and consequently makes one
vulnerable to a number of potentially life-threatening infections and cancers. HIV
is transmitted through exposure to infected blood and blood products and from infected
mother to child during childbirth. This study is a cross sectional study on HIV
Prevalence in South Sudan. The study reveals a prevalence rate of 2.7 % for the
whole country and about 14 % in some areas with the most vulnerable being between
the ages of 15 to 49. It also reveals that social factors like poverty and prevailing
gender relations contribute to infection and reinfection among People Living with
AIDS and their partners. This study identified that Non-Governmental Organizations
(NGO) and the United Nations (UN) are key in the fight against HIV in South Sudan;
as the Government of South Sudan (GOSS) is battling with basic life need such as
food and shelter for the population of South Sudan. There is therefore a need for
a renewed campaign against HIV/AIDS.
Keywords: HIV, AIDS,
Prevalence, NGO, UN, GoSS
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