early Roman Society, a woman was deemed the property of the husband and was
therefore subject to his control.
Catholic Church’s endorsement of “the Rules of marriage” in the 15th
century exhorted the husband to stand as ‘judge of his wife. He was, to beat
her with a stick upon her commission of an offense. According to the rules,
beating showed a concern for the wife’s soul.
18th century France, if it became public that a wife had beaten the
husband, he was forced to wear an outlandish costume and ride backwards around
the village on a donkey.
was not until the 1870s that the first states in the US banned a man’s right to
beat his family.
against women, whether pregnant or not occurs commonly around the world
especially the developing world. The act cuts across all ages, cultures,
ethnicity religion and educational barriers.
violence refers to any harmful behaviour directed at women or girls because of
their sex. it is also known as gender based violence.
violence can take various forms, and could be physical, psychological,
(emotional) sexual, economic or a combination or even neglect. It can also be
in the form of threats of such acts, coercion, or arbitrary deprivation of
liberty whether occurring in public or private life. A new dimension has been
added now in the form of acid baths used by men especially to discipline women,
prevalence of domestic violence against women ranged between 17-37% with
considerable regional variation. Domestic violence can broadly be classified
into domestic abuse, spousal abuse, child abuse, intimate partner violence
(IPV), elder mistreatment.
violence or spousal Abuse in this content is a form of violence against women
and when it involves pregnant women, it calls for a closer attention because of
the greater danger it entails. Both the world health organization WHO and
international federation of obstetricians and gynecologists (FIGO) recognize
the scourge of violence against women and starting from the nineties passed
various declarations on the elimination of violence against women. The factors
which lead to domestic violence are a legion and range from no offence, minor
to major offences.
countries and various religions frown against domestic violence but because the
cultures of the people of these countries do not frown at it, the problem has
persisted. it hence explains the attitude of the women to domestic violence
with some even justifying it. Domestic violence may start or escalate with
violence is not caused by illness, genetics, or gender, alcohol or other drugs,
anger, stress victim’s behaviour or relationship problems, it is a learned
behaviour by batterers, and it has enormous impact on pregnant women. It is a
recognized public health issue that has serious consequences on physical and mental
health. Domestic violence has been associated with psychiatric illnesses,
depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder attempted suicide and also
important implications for the fetus as low birth weight, miscarriages, bleeding,
prematurity, abruption, or even death of either or both fetus and mother.
is paucity of data on domestic evidence mainly because of under reporting by
the victims, but quite frequent.
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Wokoma, M. Jampala, H Bexhell, S Lindow A comparative study of the prevalence of
domestic violence in women requesting a termination of pregnancy and those attending
the antenatal clinic BJOG 2014.
(2005) violence at home (achieve) voices of youth forum. Retrieved Oct. 2008 from
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and analysis. Edited by Hodege Abuja: National Population Commission and unicef.
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