Plasmodium Falciparum and Schistosoma Heamatobium Infections in Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic in Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolis Western Region Ghana
falciparum and Schistosoma hematobium infections are very common parasitic
infections that affect pregnant women in the tropics. In this study we
evaluated the prevalence and contribution to anemia of Plasmodium falciparum and
Schistosoma heamatobium among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Sekondi
This is across sectional
study involving pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Effia nkwanta
regional hospital, Esikado hospital, Takoradi hospital and Jemima Crentsil hospital.
Plasmodium falciparum detection and hemoglobin estimation were done from blood
samples collected. Urine microscopy was done using the wet mount technique to detect
the presence or absence of Schistosoma heamatobium
A total of 872
pregnant women were sampled, 23.4% (204/872)were infected with plasmodium
falciparum infection, 3.3% (29/872) were infected with Schistosoma heamatobium
infection and 34.2% (298/872) were anemic. Plasmodium falciparum infection had
a significant association with anemia 32.2% (96/298)(P<0.001), Schistosoma
heamatobium infection had no significant association with anemia, 4.4% (6/298)
Plasmodium falciparum infection was higher and
contributes more to anemia in pregnant women than Schistosoma heamatobium
infection in this study. However it is very important to screen pregnant women for
other parasitic diseases with lower prevalence than malaria to evaluate their
burden and contribution to morbidity in pregnancy.
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