environment a child finds himself goes a long way in determining his learning
ability and ultimately his academic performance in school. Home environment has
been recognized as having a relationship with the academic achievement of
students. The present research study was designed to assess the various home
environment variables which are predictive of academic performance of clinical
Medical Rehabilitation students in Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU). The
variables under consideration were the academic performance (grade point
average) as a dependent variable and the parents’ level of income, level of
education, residential area, marital status, family structure, and students’
accommodation type, average number of meals taken per day, study hour, and
gender were independent variables. The data were collected from 102 clinical
students who were purposively sampled from the department of Medical Rehabilitation
using structured questionnaire. Data were collated and analyzed using
descriptive and inferential statistics of Pearson Chi-square and multiple
regression analyses. The result showed that there was statistical significant
association between academic performance and father’s level of income, the
number of study hours per day and the average number of meals taken per day. In
conclusion, this study reveals that father’s level of income, number of study
hours per day and average number of meals taken per day as home environment
variables considered is predictive of academic performance of Clinical Medical
Rehabilitation Students of OAU.
Keywords: Home environment, academic
performance, clinical students
. Abdul-raheem B. O
(2015). Parents’ Socio-economic status as predictor of secondary school
students` Academic performance in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Journal of Education
and practice. Vol 6. No.1, 2015. ISSN 2222-1735.
. Adeyemi A.M and Adeyemi S.B (2014).
Personal factors as predictors of Students’ academic achievement in Colleges of
Education in South Western Nigeria. Education Research and Reviews. Vol (4). Pp
. Ajila, C and Olutola, A. (2000).
Impact of parent’s socioeconomic status on University Student’s academic
performance: Ife Journal of Educational Studies 7(1), 31-39
. Asika, N (1991). Research methodology
in the behavioural sciences. Lagos. Longman Nigeria Plc.
. Asikhia, O.A (2010). Students and
teacher`s perception of the causes of poor academic performance in Ogun State
Secondary Schools, Nigeria. Implication for counseling for National
Development. European Journal of Social Sciences. 13 (2): 229-249.
. Ayodele S.O. (2006). Educational
Opportunities for Nigeria learner, how to we fore thus far? A paper presented
at the workshop organized by Network for Gender Sensitive Educational
Management in Africa and the British Consul in Nigeria.
. Barnard, W. M. (2004). Parent
involvement in elementary school and educational attainment. Children and Youth
Services Review, 26, 39-62.
. Baxter, S.D., Royer J.A., Hardin,
J.W, Guinn, G.H, and Devlin, C.M. (2011). The relationship of school
absenteeism with body mass index, academic achievement and socioeconomic status
among fourth-grade children. Journal of School Health, 81, 417-423.
. Bratti, M. and Staffolani S (2002).
Student Time Allocation and Educational Production Functions. University of
Ancona Department of Economics working Paper No. 170
. Buckingham, J (1999). The puzzle of
boys’ educational decline: a review of the evidence. Issue analysis, No. 9,
Centre for Independents studies, Sydney.
. Buckingham, J. (2000b). Boy
troubles: understanding rising suicide, rising crime and educational failure,
CIS policy monograph 46, Centre for Independent studies, Sydney.
. Caldas, S.J., &Bankston C.L.
(1997). The effects of school population socioeconomic status on individual
student academic achievement. Journal of Educational Research, 90; 267-277.
. Chadwick, Bahr and Stauss (1976).
India education in the city: Correlates of academic performance. J. Educa. Res.
. Chambers, E.A. & Schreiber, J.B.
(2004). Girls’ academic achievement: Varying associations of extracurricular
activities. Gender and Education, 16(3), 327-346
. Cheers, B. (1990). Rural
disadvantage in Australia. Australian Social Work, 43(1), 5-13.
. Considine, G. and G. Zappala (2002).
Factors influencing the educational performance of students from disadvantaged
backgrounds, in T.Eardley and B. Bradbury, Eds,Competing Visions: Refereed
proceedings of the National Social Policy Conference 2001, SPRC Report 1/52,
social policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney 91-107.
. Council of Chief State School
Officers. Policy Statement on School Health; 2004
. Crosnoe, R., Johnson, M.K., Elder,
G.H (2004). School size and the interpersonal side of education: An examination
of race/ethnicity and organizational context. Social Science Quarterly, 88(5),
. Duncan, G.J., and Brooks-Gunn, J.
(Eds.) (1997). Consequences of Growing up poor. New York: Rusell Sage
. Dunkle MC, Nash MA. Beyond the
Health Room. Washington DC: Council of Chief State School Officers, Resource
Centre on Educational Equity; 1991
. Durden, G.C. and Ellis, L.V (1995).
The effect of attendance on student learning in principles of Economics,
American Economic Review 85, 343-346
. Escarce, J.J. (2003). Socioeconomic
status and the fates of adolescent. Retrieved on September 27, 2007 from http://www.pubmedcentral.nih/gov article render.fcgi?artid
. Fraser, E. (1985) School and home.
London: University of London Press
. Graet Z, B. (1995). Socio-economic
status and school Education. DEET/ACER Canberra.
. Hedwig, A., Kikefunda, J., Malda,
M., Oldewage- Theron, W. H and Egal Abdukadir, A (2012). Breakfast, midday
meals and academic achievement in rural primary schools in Uganda: implications
for education and school health policy. Food and Nutrition Research 2012: 56:
10: 3402/frn.v56 to. 11217.
. Health, S.B (1990). The wider
society and education. Boston Allyn and Bacon Inc.
. Henderson, A.T. (1988). Good news:
An ecologically balanced approach to academic improvement. Educational
Horizons, 66(2), 60-67.
. Hijazi S. T., RazaNaqvi, S. M. M
(2006). Factors affecting Students’ Performance. A case of private colleges.
Bangladesh e- journal of Sociology. Volume 3 Number l. January 2006.
. Hoffman, J.A., Franko D.L. Thompson,
D.R, Stallins, V.A. and Power T.J (2010). Longitudinal behavioral effects of a
school-based fruit and vegetable promotion program. Journal of Pediatric
Psychology, 35, 61-71. DOI: (0.1093/jpepsy/jop041)
. Horne, R. (2000). The performance of
males and females in school and tertiary education, Australian Quarterly, 72
. Human Rights and Equal Opportunities
Commission (2000). Emerging Themes: National Inquiry into Rural and Remote
Education, HREOC, Sydney.
. Ichado, S.M. (1998). Impact of
Broken Home on Academic Performance of Secondary School Students in English
Language. Journal of Research in Counselling Psychology 4(1) 84-87
. Jeynes, W.H. (2002). Examining the
effects of parental absence on the academic achievement of adolescents. The
challenge of controlling for family income. Journal of Family and
EconomicIssues, 23(2), 56-65
. Kanyongo, G.Y, Certo J and
Launcelot, B.I (2006). Using regression analysis to establish the relationship
between home environment and reading achievement: A case of Zimbabwe.
International Education Journal, 7(5), 632-641. ISSN 1443-1475 ©2006 Shannon
. Kingdom (1996). The quality and
Efficiency of Public and Private Schools. A case study of Urban India. Oxford
Ball. Econ. Statist. 58 (1): 55- 80.
. Krashen S. (2005). The hardwork
hypothesis: Is doing your homework enough to overcome the effects of poverty?
Multicultural Education, 12( ), 16-19.
. Lacour, M, and Tissington L.D.
(2011). The effects of poverty on academic achievement. Journal of Educational
Research and Review. 6 (7): 522-527.
. Ma, X., & Klinger, D.A. (2000).
Hierarchical linear modeling of student and school effects on academic
achievement. Canadian Journal of Education, 25(1), 41-55.
. Majoribanks, Kevin. (1996). Family
learning environments and students’ outcomes: a Review Journal of Comparative
Family Studies 27(2), 373-394
. McCoy, L.P. (2005). Effect of
demographic and personal variables on achievement in eight grade algebra.
Journal of Educational Research, 98(3), 131-135
. Mckenzie K, Schweitzer R (2010). Who
succeeds at University? Factors predicting academic performance in first year
Australian University students. Higher Education Research and Development. 20
. Mitchell, D.E, & Collom, E.
(2001). The determinant of student achievement at the academy for Academic
Excellence. CA; school Education. University of California
. Munsincer, H (1999). Fundamentals of
Child Development. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanrich Inc.
. National School Boards Association.
Beliefs and Policies of the National School Boards Association. Alexandria, VA:
National School Boards Association; 2009
. Nzewuawah, P.N. (1995). The effects
of single-parenthood on the Academic performance of Students. Unpublished M.Ed
Project University of Lagos
. Parelius, R. J. &Parelius, A. N
(1987). Sociology of education. USA: Prentice Hall International
. Peng, S. S, & Hall, S.T. (1995).
Understanding racial-ethnic differences in secondary school science and
mathematics achievement (NCES No 95710). Washington DC: U.S. Department of
. Pollit, Ernesto. 1984. Nutrition and
Academic Achievement. Paris, France: UNESCO.
. Rich, A. (2000). Beyond the
classroom: How parents influence their children’s Education, CIS Policy,
monograph 48, Centre for Independent studies, Sydney.
. Roberts, G.A (2007). The effect of
extracurricular activity participation in the relationship between parent
involvement and academic performance in a sample of third grade children
Retrieved from https://www.lib.utexas.edu/etd/d/2007/robertsg
. Shoukat, A., Haider, Z., Khan, H.,
Ahmed, A (2013). Factors contributing to the Students Academic Performance. A
case study of Islamia University Sub-campus. American Journal of Educational
Research. 1(8):283-289, doi: 10. 12691/education 1-8-3.
. Scale, E.C., and Rochikepartain, E.C
(2003) Boosting students Achievement. New Research on the power of Development
Assets. Search Institute Insights Evidence 1(1), 1-10
. Shonkoff, J.P. and D.A. Philips,
eds, (2000), from Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood
Development, National Academy Press, Washington DC.
. Shumox, L. & Lomax R(2001).
Parental efficacy: predictor of parenting behaviour and adolescent outcomes.
Parenting, 2(2). 127-150
. Sparkes, J. (1999), Schools,
Education and Social Exclusion, London School of Economics, London
. Srebstein J, Piazza T. Public Health
Safety and educational risks associated with bullying behaviors in American
adolescents. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 2008;