An Assessment of the Psychosocial Effects of Almajiri system on Child’s Development in Gwange Ward Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

Download Article

DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.04.04.Art059

Authors : Emmanuel O Chukwu, Habu Haruna, Terna M. Fiase


Children are known to be the source of joy in every family especially when the parents can afford their basic needs. Children in the northern part of Nigeria are prone to deprivation through almajiri system of education mainly due to respect for misunderstood religious concept and culture among other causes. This study of psycho-social effects of almajiri system on child’s development was conducted in Gwange ward, Maiduguri, is aimed at identifying the psychological effects of almajiri system on child’s development as well as the social effects of almajiri system on child’s development. A descriptive design was used for the study. Data was obtained from respondents (almajiris) using structured questionnaire. The data was presented and analysed using descriptive statistics. Hypotheses were formulated and tested using Chi-square. The findings of this study revealed that the almajiris are affected both psychologically and socially due to lack of adequate care, loneliness, feeling of anger, lack of proper feeding and security, exposure to dangers and negligence by the society. Based on these findings, community health workers, psychologists, sociologists and government should be in the fore front of taking care of the almajiri system. Recommendations were made to families, communities, government and Non Governmental Organisation’s on ways of improving the system and incorporating it with western education.

Keywords: psychosocial, effects, almajiri, development


[1]. Abdulrafiu, L, (2009). Almajiri-Breeding Future Terrorists. Tell, magazine. Available at Accessed on 20/06/2015.

[2]. Abdullahi, M. (2011) The Almajiris : Nigeria Child Beggars 2011. Available at www.the-almajiris-nigerias-child-beggar Accessed on 20/07/2015.

[3]. Bello, A. (2006) the almajiri syndrome: religion, culture or menace. Expert from paper presented, Kano Nigeria

[4]. Christian, Pure foy (2010). Nigeria's Almajiri Children: Learning a Life of Poverty and Violence. Education Data for Decision Making. Abuja.

[5]. Dukku, A.(2009): Almajiri- 10million kids begs in the north. Available at Accessed on 15/08/2015.

[6]. Federal Government of Nigeria (2004). National Policy on Education. Lagos: NERDC Press

[7]. Hassan, I& Moses, A.(2010). From to Madarassa: The transformation of Almajiri. Gbooza Mobile. Available at Accessed on 23/08/2015.

[8]. Ibrahim, S. (2008). Menace of street begging in Kano State. Available at Accssed on 14th June, 2014.

[9]. Kabiru I. (2012). The north and almajiri phenomenon. Available at

[10]. Kano State Government (2012) Report of Committee on Almajiris.

[11]. Kopoka, A. (2000). The problem of street children in Africa (A paper presented at the international Conference on Street Children and Street Children’s Health in East Africa, Held in Dare-es-sala, Tanzania.

[12]. Nura. M.(2010) Almajiri- breeding of future terrorists. Available at Accessed on 10 August, 2015.

[13]. Obioha, E. (2009) Becoming a Street Child in Poverty Ridden Society: A Descriptive Case of Kaduna Metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences, 19, 41 -49.2009

[14]. Peace, U. (2012). The Need to Remodel Almajiri System in Nigeria. Available at Accessed on 12/12/2014.

[15]. Tafida U.A. (2008). lead debate on the almajiri bill for establishment of the national commission for the eradication of child destitute.

[16]. Think Quest (2010). Child Abuse in Nigeria. Available at Accessed on 12/12/1014

[17]. Yahaya Suleiman (2004). The Amajirai and the Rights of the Child to Education Towards Sustainable Development: Education for Sustainable Development in Nigeria, A book of Readings Vol. 1. Minna : Niger State College of Education.