Knowledge of Pregnant Mothers on the use of Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV Services in Kenya: A Cross Sectional Study at Bungoma County Referral Hospital
Background: Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of
the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) remains the major source of HIV infection
in young children. Targeting pregnant women attending antenatal clinics provides
a unique opportunity for the implementing prevention of mother-to-child transmission
(PMTCT) programs against HIV infection of newborn babies.
Objective: To identify factors affecting
Knowledge of prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV services among pregnant
women attending antenatal clinic in Bungoma County Referral Hospital.
Methodology: A cross-sectional
study was conducted among pregnant mothers attending antenatal care clinic at Bungoma
County Referral Hospital. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select
50 respondents, using Fisher et al, 1999. The data was collected using structured
interviewer administered questionnaire prepared to address knowledge, and associated
factors on PMTCT services. Data was entered and analyzed using Statistical Package
for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.
Findings: A big number
(40%) of the mothers did not know about PMTCT services which were being offered
in the hospital. It was noted that the respondents who had little or no knowledge
of the services were mostly below 25 years of age and those with low education levels.
On the attitude towards PMTCT services it was found that (44%) reported that it
is good to take on PMTCT services if reactive and (56%) of respondents reported
that PMTCT services are wastage of time because AIDS has no cure.
Conclusion: The educational
level was the most important factor in understanding PMCTC services
improve and increase sensitization and awareness to the communities on what PMTCT
Prevention of mother to child transmission, Human immunodeficiency virus, Acquired
immunodeficiency syndrome, Antenatal clinic.
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