A Study on the Effect of Sociocultural Factors on HIV/AIDS Prevalence amongst Adolescents and Youths in Niger State, Nigeria
Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) which causes the disease, Acquired Immunodeficiency
Diseases Syndrome, is one of the public health challenges facing both developing
and developed nations.
descriptive study was carried out to examine the effect of socio-cultural factors
on the prevalence of HIV/AIDs amongst adolescent and youths attending the antiretroviral
clinics of four general hospitals in Niger State, Nigeria. These were the general
hospitals in Bida, Minna, Suleja and Kontagora.
order to participate in the study, the participants must be within the age bracket
of adolescent and youths and must be retroviral positive. The instrument for data
collection was a pretested semi-structured questionnaire. Data analysis was carried
out using both descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: A total of 268 respondents were interviewed.
More male participated in the study and majority of the participants were concentrated
within the age bracket (21 – 25) years.
71.6 percent of respondents said alcohol intoxication did not lead them to indulge
in unprotected sex whilst 79.9 percent respondents did not experience influence
of watching pornographic file on their sex life.
Conclusion: The study showed, socio-cultural factors
were found not to have had influence on HIV/AIDs prevalence.
the finding, more awareness programs about HIV/AIDs should be carried out among
adolescent and youths. Government and Nongovernmental organization should partner
with the community, faith based organization, schools to implement these findings.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Adolescent, Youth, Socio-Cultural factors.
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