Occupational Health Hazards among Construction Workers in Gaborone, Botswana
purpose of this study was to identify and highlight the hazards that are most commonly
found at construction sites in Botswana. Respondents from Estate Construction Company
located in Gaborone was selected for this study. Questionnaire
survey was conducted on the construction site to establish the health and safety
hazards prevailing and control measures therein. A physical observation was also
conducted on the construction sites in order to relate questionnaire responses to
what actually obtains on the construction site.
Botswana, the construction industry is booming as economic development takes its
course. However, much as construction has come with its benefits, records of the
factories inspectorate of the department of labour reveal that between 2000 and
2003, five fatalities were recorded in Botswana’s construction industry. Even though
the number of these accidents is not alarming, the benefits paid to the accidents
victims are high. These accidents represent a considerable
economic and social burden to employers, employees and to the society as
a whole. This therefore calls for urgency in mitigating this problem. This study
will help come up with comprehensive measures to rectify this problem such; identifying
the hazard, assessing the risk and controlling the risk to ensure a safe and conducive
working condition for the workers. Implementation of control measures requires different
approaches due to changing working environment at the construction sites.
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