Prevalence of Opportunistic Infection and Associated Pregnancy Complication among HIV Positive Women Delivering in Tanzania
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of opportunistic Infections (OIs) and associated pregnancy complication
among HIV Positive women giving birth in hospitals of Dar es salaam, Tanzania.
Design: The cross
sectional study design using OIs checklist was used to collect data among 105 participants.
The Epi Data software was used for data entry. The complete data set was later transferred
to SAS version 9.4 for data analysis and interpretations. The associations of categorical variables were determined
by the Chi- squire test, in which, p-values <0.05 were considered as significant association.
Result. Among 105 participants, 63(60%)
of them were diagnosed with OIs, while 42(40%) did not show any symptoms of OIs.
The most common OIs symptoms reported were; frequently fatigue 46(43.8%), Persistent
profuse night sweats 43(40.9%), Persistent muscle aches 41(39%), and unexplained
recurring fever 39(37.1%). Participants
with recurrent memory
loss, depression and neurological disorders had more 5(20.8%) babies born with body
weight below 2500g, underweight baby, compared to 5(6.1%) women without these symptoms,
P- Value <0.0316. Participants without recurrent
severe pneumonia, 24(35.2%),
which is among the late HIV stage
OIs (WHO clinical stage 3 &4) are
slightly protected to developed vaginal tears during birth
compared to those 7 (18.9%) with recurrent
severe pneumonia. P-
In conclusion, the majority of HIV infected pregnant women giving birth suffer from
OIs. Recurrent memory
loss, depression and neurological disorders and recurrent severe pneumonia are
risk factors for pregnancy complication
HIV infected pregnant women, Opportunistic infection, pregnancy complication underweight
baby, neurological disorders, vaginal tear, ARV.
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