The Pattern of Prevalence of Severe and Moderate Acute Malnutrition among Under-Five Children of Three Counties in a War-Torn Lakes State South Sudan
The prevalence of Severe
Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) of under-five children,
in south Sudan is reportedly high and is being aggravated by various negatives factors.
The situation has attracted the attention of various international organizations
like World Food Programme (WFP), United Nations Children Emergency Fund (UNICEF),
and other International Non-governmental Organizations (INGOs), for possible interventions.
However, there are scarce study reports on the current prevalence pattern of SAM
and MAM among under-five children, as it may assist in the implementation of nutrition
therapy programme implemented by these humanitarian organizations.
A retrospective cohort
study was conducted by collecting thirty six (36) month reported data of SAM and
MAM of under-five children, from District Health Information Software (DHIS)-the
standard source of health information in south Sudan, across three years; 2014,
2015 and 2016 for three counties, and was analysed using SPSS. Findings revealed
statistical significant differences in SAM and MAM within each county and among
the three counties across the three years. The results further revealed that there
was rising median values of SAM and MAM among the counties across the three years.
It was suggested that adequate pre-intervention survey should be conducted, reducing
local government’s sentiments and infiltration during screening exercise for malnutrition
among under-five children, ensuring peace in south Sudan, and conduct of post-intervention
surveys for feed-backs, may serve as a clue towards implementing an effective and
efficient nutrition therapy programme in the war-torn Lakes State of south Sudan.
Prevalence pattern, Malnutrition, SAM, MAM.
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