“Knowledge about Risk Factors of Carcinoma Cervix among the Women Attending for VIA Test in a Selected Hospital”

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.07.01.Art002

Authors : Irin Hossain, Shampa Saha, Abu Sayem Md Shahin, Ismat Ara, Turin Talukder


A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with the aim to find out the level of knowledge about the risk factors of the cervical cancer among the women attending VIA room of Gynae Out Patient Department, BSMMU on 106 patients selected by purposive sampling technique. Data were collected using pretested, semi-structured questionnaire by face to face interview in May, 2008. Mean age of the respondents was 42.9+6.5 years, 83.0% were Muslim. Majority (17.0%) of the respondents had Primary education. More than one third of the respondents’ monthly income was taka 5001-10,000. Mean age at first marriage was 13.96+2.4 years and 26.4% of them were married for 20-24 years ,40.6% of the patients had history of first birth during their adolescence period. High parity (more than 2 children) was present in 65.0%. Child birth at lower age (94.44%), Multiparity (96.29%) and smoking (66.66%) were the major risk factors mentioned by the respondents. Thirteen percent gave history of Sexually transmitted diseases which is another remarkable risk factor & among them (42.8%) took treatment from MBBS doctor and by Doah-Tabiz (28.6%). The respondents mentioned as main symptoms were lower abdominal pain (98.0%), irregular per vaginal bleeding (57.69%), postcoital bleeding (32.69%) followed by post-menopausal vaginal discharge (26.92%). The findings suggest that programmatic approaches to increase the age at first marriage and first child birth, health education about cervical cancer, its risk factors, symptoms and its treatment will be more effective to reduce cervical cancer in Bangladesh.


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