Psycho-Cognitive Factors Associated with Food Safety Practices among Mothers of Children Under-Five Years in Alimosho Local Government Area, Lagos State, Nigeria
Objective: This study sort
to determine the levels of knowledge, attitude, perception, and practice food safety
among mothers with children under five in Lagos, Nigeria.
Methodology: A cross sectional
survey design guided by a behavioral theory employing 50 item validated questionnaires
to collect data from 412 mothers in Alimosho LGA was used. Variables measured includes;
knowledge of food-safety, attitude, perception and food-safety practices. Data collected
were analyzed using SPSS version 23 to compute means and standard deviation from
aggregated weighted scores of items and bivariate analysis to characterize the relationship
between variables at p< 0.05.
Results: Majority (68.5%)
of the mothers have never had formal training on food safety, level of knowledge
of mothers on food safety (8.4±1.80), attitudinal disposition (9.53±1.9), perception
(28.3±4.1) and food safety practices (22.50±4.90) scores were above average respectively.
The bivariate analysis shows a strong statistical relationship, knowledge (r= 0.177;
p. value 0.001), attitude (r= 0.193; value 0.001) and perception (r= 0.195; value
0.001) were positively correlated.
Conclusion: Knowledge, attitudinal
disposition and perception were predictors of food safety practices. However, other
variables not factored into this study may be good predictors of food safety practices.
Hence, it is imperative that food safety laws and regulations are enforced by the
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