Psycho-Cognitive Factors Associated with Food Safety Practices among Mothers of Children Under-Five Years in Alimosho Local Government Area, Lagos State, Nigeria

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.08.02.Art011

Authors : Ademola Amosu, Ibukunoluwa Y. Adewoye, Adebayo M. Mustapha


Objective: This study sort to determine the levels of knowledge, attitude, perception, and practice food safety among mothers with children under five in Lagos, Nigeria.

Methodology: A cross sectional survey design guided by a behavioral theory employing 50 item validated questionnaires to collect data from 412 mothers in Alimosho LGA was used. Variables measured includes; knowledge of food-safety, attitude, perception and food-safety practices. Data collected were analyzed using SPSS version 23 to compute means and standard deviation from aggregated weighted scores of items and bivariate analysis to characterize the relationship between variables at p< 0.05.

Results: Majority (68.5%) of the mothers have never had formal training on food safety, level of knowledge of mothers on food safety (8.4±1.80), attitudinal disposition (9.53±1.9), perception (28.3±4.1) and food safety practices (22.50±4.90) scores were above average respectively. The bivariate analysis shows a strong statistical relationship, knowledge (r= 0.177; p. value 0.001), attitude (r= 0.193; value 0.001) and perception (r= 0.195; value 0.001) were positively correlated. 

Conclusion: Knowledge, attitudinal disposition and perception were predictors of food safety practices. However, other variables not factored into this study may be good predictors of food safety practices. Hence, it is imperative that food safety laws and regulations are enforced by the government.


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