is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in women especially in developing countries.
Cervical cancer screening is a cost-effective method of detecting pre-malignant
and malignant lesions of the cervix. Nurses could serve as health educators on cervical
cancer screening hence the need to determine their knowledge and uptake of the screening.
The objective of the study was to determine the level of awareness and uptake of
cervical cancer screening among female nurses in Enugu.
Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study
of 182 eligible female nurses in different health facilities in Enugu was undertaken.
A structured self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Data
was analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: Majority of the respondents was aware
(98%) and had good knowledge (95.6%) of cervical cancer screening. Only a small
proportion (19.8%) of the nurses had cervical cancer screening. More so, a paltry
3.3% of the nurses had cervical cancer screening for the second time. Most (68.7%)
of the respondents were aware of the availability of cervical cancer screening facilities
in Enugu. Major reasons for non-screening were fear of complications (36.3%) and
high cost of screening (16.4%). The respondents suggested that uptake of the cervical
cancer screening could be achieved through workshops/seminars (51.1%), religious
activities (49.5%), mass media (31.9%) and conferences (28.0%).
Conclusion: Despite the high awareness of cervical
cancer screening among female nurses in Enugu, the uptake of cervical cancer screening
was low. There is need for policy formulation that is aimed at reversing this ugly
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