Background: An evaluation
of the failures and successes of the Polio Vaccination campaign in the North West
Region of Cameroon was carried out within the context of a Poliomyelitis epidemic
and an upsurge of diseases of epidemic potential such as Measles and yellow fever
in the North West Region and other Regions of Cameroon.
Objective: The main
objective of this appraisal was to decipher the various factors, activities, omissions
and commissions that constitute an impediment to the efforts of the Cameroon health
authorities, her partners and stake-holders in their effort to contend and eradicate
these debilitating and fatal diseases.
Purpose: To contribute
in the building of a more efficient and effective vaccination programme for the
immunization of Poliomyelitis in the North West Region of Cameroon in general and
the Bamenda Health District in particular.
Methodology: This involved
evaluation of the background of Poliomyelitis in Cameroon, the organization and
implementation of vaccination programmes in Cameroon and its peculiarities in the
North West Region, including eminent lapses. A SWOT analysis was also conducted.
Results: A substandard
vaccination programme was revealed characterized by
Twenty-four imported cases of wild polio registered in the North Region of Cameroon
between 2003 and 2011. There exists a huge number of flaws and inadequacies in the
vaccination and immunization programme in the North West Region, including poor
management of vaccination resistance and refusals. This indicates a high risk of
resurgence of vaccine-preventable diseases.
Conclusion: The SWOT analysis
and the recommendations that follow are believed to serve as lessons to other communities
across Africa and beyond.
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