Predisposing Factors and need Factors as Determinants of Health Care-seeking behavior of Pregnant Women in Uvwie, Delta, Nigeria
Objective: This study sort to determine
the levels of predisposing and need factors of pregnant women towards health-care
seeking practice in Uvwie Local Government Area, Delta State.
Methodology: This study adopted a descriptive
cross-sectional survey design guided by Anderson and Newman Health-Service Utilization
Theory. A 46-item semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from four
hundred and six pregnant women by multistage and simple random sampling technique,
validated at Cronbach alpha 0.826. Data collected were analyzed using IBM SPSS version
23 to compute descriptive and inferential statistics which were statistically tested
at a 5% level of significance.
Results: The respondents had a health
literacy mean and standard deviation score of (24.6±6.5); their perceived health
need mean and standard deviation score was (19.455±4.17) and their health-care seeking
practice mean and standard deviation score was (11.73±3.34). It was noted that the
respondents had low scores from the determinants of health-care seeking practice
among pregnant women; health literacy and perceived health need has an effect on
the outcome of adequate utilization of health services during pregnancy. Also, support
from family and friends can be a contributing factor.
Conclusion: The health literacy and perceived
health needs of the respondents was shown to be inadequate. High health literacy
and perceived health need influences health-care seeking practice among pregnant
women. Health promotion interventions to include health literacy improvement strategies
and its importance in the awareness of first point-of-care from trained health personnel
in their health communication and implementation programs.
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