Determinants of Nutritional Practice among Expectant Mothers Attending Antenatal Clinic in Selected Hospitals in Abeokuta, Ogun State

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.08.02.Art028

Authors : Nzete-Ogheneruro Isioma. M, John I. Akinoye, M. F. Olanrewju


Objective: This study sort to determine the knowledge, attitude, environmental factors and nutritional practice among expectant mothers attending antenatal clinics in selected hospital in Abeokuta, Ogun state.

Methodology: This study was a cross sectional survey design guided by behavioral theory that employed quantitative method of data collection. Multistage sampling was employed in this study. A 36 item semi-structured questionnaire validated at 0.75 Cronbach alpha was used. A total of 295 patients responded to the questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics at p< 0.05.

Results: Majority were married 217 (73.6%) and 90 (30.5%) of the respondents falls between age 30-34 years. The study revealed that many 167 (56.6%) of the respondents had fair knowledge of diet (13.64 ± 2.65), majority 219 (74.2%) had positive attitude towards nutritional practice (13.57 ± 3.97) and more than half 157 (53.2%) of the respondents were negatively influenced by environmental factors (14.22 ± 4.65). Also, 148 (50.2%) had good nutritional practice (14.09 ± 2.48). There was no significant relationship between knowledge and nutritional practice (r=0.107; p= 0.066) whereas there was a significant relationship between attitude and environmental factors (r=0.359; p=0.000) and (r=0.282; p=0.000) respectively.

Conclusion: Pregnancy is the most crucial nutritionally demanding period of every woman’s life. It is important for expectant mothers to maintain good nutritional practice so as to achieve optimal birth outcome. Therefore, appropriate health promotional intervention is highly recommended to modify expectant mothers’ attitude and environmental factors so as to achieve good nutritional practice.


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