Mental Health in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Populations in Ghana: An Empirical Study Approach
The purpose of this study
was to empirically examine the mental
health conditions in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender populations in Ghana.
The study used data from 494 self-identified lesbian, gay
male, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, recruited via non-probability
sampling technique of snow-ball. Descriptive statistics of frequencies, percentages,
mean and standard deviations were used to describe the distribution of responses
of the participants. The inferential statistics of one-way Analysis of Variance
(one-way ANOVA), and Pearson Chi-Squared Test of Independence were used to explore
differences based on the sexual orientation of the participants. Results from the study showed that
engaging in same-gender sexual behavior, LGBTs, especially gays in Ghana were at
higher risk of mental health disorders, including depression, anxiety, substance
abuse, and suicide ideation and attempts as a result of the anti-LGBT environment
in Ghana. The results of the study revealed that LGBT individuals in Ghana experience
somatization, depression, and anxiety several days. It is recommended based on the
findings of the study that the law against LGBT individuals in Ghana should be examined
to give some level of freedom to LGBT individuals in Ghana. This will help to reduce
the harassment, stigmatization and discrimination against LGBT individuals in Ghana.
This could go a long way to help improve the mental health conditions of LGBT individuals
in Ghana. The findings of the study provide evidence for areas of potential research,
with implications for policy makers, mental health care professionals and the general
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