Effect of Lupeol on the Expression of Neuro Inflammatory Signalling Molecules in Brain Tissues of High Fat Diet and Sucrose Fed Type-2 Diabetic Rats

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.SE.24.01.Art020

Authors : Vishnu Priya Veeraraghavan, Gayathri R, Kavitha S, J. Selvaraj, Esha Gayathri K


Lupeol has anti- inflammatory, antimicrobial, anti-protozoal, anti-proliferative, anti-invasion, anti-angiogenic and cholesterol-lowering properties. However, the mechanisms underlying the effect of lupeol on neuroinflammatory signalling molecules have not yet been identified. The study was designed to study the effect of lupeol on the expression of inflammatory signalling molecules in brain tissue of high-fat diet and sucrose-fed type-2 diabetic rats. Adult male albino rats of Wistar 150–180 days old with 180–200 g body weight (b.wt) were divided into four groups of six rats each. Group I: Control (vehicle-treated): Group II: High fat diet-induced type-2 diabetic rats; Group III: Type-2 diabetic rats treated with lupeol (25 mg/kg b.wt/day) orally for 30 days and Group IV: Type-2 diabetic rats treated with metformin (50 mg/kg, b.wt/day orally for 30 days. After 30 days of treatment, the animals were anaesthetized, and brain tissue was dissected and used for the assessment of mRNA expression analysis. Type-2 diabetic animals showed a significant increase (p<0.05) in TNF-α and IL-6 mRNA levels in brain tissue in high-fat diet-induced type-2 diabetic animals. However, lupeol treatment, effectively reduced (p<0.05) the neuroinflammatory signaling molecules (TNF- α and IL-6 mRNA) showing that lupeol has significant role over the control of neuroinflammatory signaling. Our present findings clearly show that lupeol has a significant role in reducing neuroinflammation via the downregulation of TNF-α and IL-6 in brain tissues and hence, lupeol can be a potential natural drug for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy.


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