Health promotion strategies for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases in Nigeria
diseases have shown an increasing impact on health status of populations
globally with a rising rates in developing countries especially Nigeria.
However, government in Nigeria are not keeping pace with the ever expanding
needs for policies, legislative services and infrastructure to prevent NCDs.
This paper is aimed at identifying the modifiable risk factors for NCD in
Nigeria, the determinants of health involved and the health promotion
strategies which can be initiated and implemented at various sectors. Secondary
data was obtained from results of search from WHO NCD country profiles 2014,
WHO global status report on NCD 2011, WHO global action plan for prevention and
control of NCD 2013-2020 and Health Reform Foundation of Nigeria 2011 amongst
others. The results showed that the modifiable risk factors included tobacco
smoking, alcohol consumption, raised blood pressure and obesity with about 6%,
10%, 35% and 6.5% respectively. The determinants of health spanned from
economic, natural and social environments amongst sustainability, transport,
lifestyle and community services. Health education, nutritional intervention,
lifestyle and behavioral changes in addition to environmental modifications are
strategies which can help prevent and control NCD through addressing the risk
factors and determinants.
Keywords: Non-communicable diseases, Health Promotion
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