Knowledge and Attitude towards Obesity among Secondary School Students of Royal Crystal College, Ile-Ife, Nigeria

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DOI: 10.21522/TIJPH.2013.05.01.Art015

Authors : Arilewola Abosede Omotola, Oladimeji AkeemAkinyemi


Background: Obesity has reached an epidemic proportion in the developing and developed countries. It contributes or serves as risk factors to many non-communicable diseases. Knowledge and attitude of adolescent needs be assessed as childhood obesity has been found to translate to obesity in adulthood.

Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study to investigate knowledge about obesity risk factors and attitudes of students of secondary school, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria.

A pretested 34 item, purpose designed and structured, self-administered questionnaire were used to collect information on knowledge and attitudes of the respondent on knowledge and attitudes towards obesity. Data were collated and analyzed based on descriptive and inferential study design.

Results: The result showed that the total percentages of respondents with good level of knowledge is 58.2% (232), and 42.2% (168) respondents having poor knowledge level. About 24.1% of the respondents had favorable attitude to obesity, 531.9% had moderate favorable attitude and 22% had unfavorable attitude toward obesity. In addition, the result showed no significant association between demographic variables and knowledge scores and significant association between attitude scores and class and type of housing composition of secondary school students (p <0.05). The results also showed significant correlation between knowledge score and attitude score of the students (p <0.05).

Conclusion: It was, therefore, concluded that the secondary school students of Royal Crystal College, Ile- Ife have good knowledge and favorable attitude towards obesity.

Keywords: Obesity, knowledge, attitude.


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